Other Grants and Activities

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Regional Actions

CyWiki Project

Participants: Hala Skaf-Molli Pascal Molli Gérôme Canals

Coordinator: Orpailleur

Partners: Orpailleur (LORIA- INRIA Nancy-Grand Est) ECOO (LORIA- INRIA Nancy-Grand Est) KIWI (LORIA- INRIA Nancy-Grand Est) ATILF (Université de Nancy 2) LISEC (Université de Nancy 2) NUTICE (Nancy Université)

Funding: Nancy-université Audience: regional

dates: 01.01.2008 01.01.2010

CyWiki is a multi-disciplinary project funded by the EPST, Universités Lorraines. The objective of the project is to build a software infrastructure for the collaborative and assisted transformation of textual content into formal and structured knowledge. The transformation process is a decentralized process in which both human agents and automatic agents (text-mining agents, classification agents) collaborate to build knowledge units (in the form of ontology elements). This knowledge can then be used to query and make reasoning about the content. The experimental and application domain of the project is education. The project will focus on the transformation of textual pedagogical resources into domain ontologies and annotations and metadata about the content of these resources.

CCO-MO Project

Participants: Hala Skaf-Molli, Pascal Molli

Partners: The partners of the projects are EA 3942, CEREFIGE (Coordinator) and Codisant-G3C, LPUL (University Nancy2), 2L2S / ERASE EA 3478 (University Paul Verlaine-Metz), ECOO (LORIA- INRIA Nancy-Grand Est).

CCO-MO: Cartography of organizational skills and organizational memory based on semantic wikis.

The objective of this project is to build a distributed and dynamic cartography of organizational skills. The project focuses on the skills in the development and research departments of the enterprises and research laboratories in the Lorraine clusters of competitively. The aim of the project is to improve the current practices of knowledge building and dissemination within the Lorraine competitively clusters and enterprises.

Existing systems for cartography are based on up-down approach. In this approach, the experts define the ontologies that capture the knowledge of the enterprises and research centers. Some administrators can then instantiate these ontologies. In these systems, the user and the developer of the ontologies are different and evolving the ontologies is a very hard task. In this project, we want to apply the principal of Web 2.0 to cartography of the different skills in an organization. We want to deploy a peer-to-peer semantic wiki as an infrastructure for this purpose. In this context, each laboratory and each enterprise have their own semantic wiki. These semantic wikis contain the cartography of the enterprise or laboratory skills. The employees of the organization add these skills in a cooperative way. The knowledge bases will be augmented progressively by the contribution of each participant. And the organization can communicate and exchange their knowledge bases with other organization. The first step of the project is to experiment our ideas in the context of research laboratories then we conduct another experience in the enterprises.

This project is labeled MSH 2009.

WikiSem Project

Participants: Hala Skaf-Molli, Pascal Molli

Partners: The participants of the project are: ECOO and Orpailleur teams.

WikiSem: A semantic wiki for knowledge management in case-based reasoning systems (http://wikitalc.loria.fr/dokuwiki/doku.php?id=operations:wikisem).

This is an operation funded by the CPER MISN (Modeling, Information System and Numeric) of the TALC (Natural Language Processing and Knowledge) laboratory. Taaable is a case-based reasoning system to adapt Kitchen recipes. In Taaable editing the knowledge base is tedious and the feedback of the users is not managed. The objective of the project is to manage Taaable knowledge in a semantic wiki to allow the users and reasoning engine to edit the knowledge bases. This original combination helps to support the opportunistic knowledge acquisition.

In this project, we built WikiTaaable systems. The results of this project are published in [13] , [18] . WikiTaaable is the vice-champion of the CCC Computer Cooking Contest (http://www.wi2.uni-trier.de/ccc09/index.php) which took place in July at Seattle, USA.

National Actions

P2CeL Project

Participants: Hala Skaf-Molli, Pascal Molli

Partners: The partners of the projects are KIWI (Coordinator) and ECOO teams (LORIA, INRIA Nancy-Grand Est), IAE CEREFIGE Nancy University, NUTICE (Nancy Université), ETIC (Université Paul Verlaine - Metz) and Ecole des Mines de Paris.

P2CeL - Collaborative Knowledge Construction and eLearning : an approach based on semantic Wikis

Wiki is a collaborative knowledge space which provides by its simple usage a new and democratic way for creating pages and cross links pages on the fly. Although semantic wikis could notify users about what could be interesting for them and act as a recommendation system which takes into account user tastes and habits.

Associated to semantic wikis, the social networking and recommendation system will bring a process of gathering and storing information from the learners, managing the content assets, analyzing current and past user interactive behavior and, based on the analysis, delivering the right content to each learner.

Based on the characteristics of semantic wikis, methods for social networking, methods for the evaluation of the pedagogical practices and the tools for knowledge management, the main objective of this project is to propose a new approach for collaborative knowledge construction in a pedagogical environment. The main reason is that there are many numerical resources and when students, teachers, use them, obtained knowledge coming from exchanges, collaborative works, adding new information is lost.

This project has four main steps :

  • Definition of the Target groups
  • Technical and methodological Implementation of the collaborative system
  • Evaluation and adaptation
  • Evolution of eLearning practices and deployment

The chosen pedagogical environment is Thermoptim. Thermoptim is a national eLearning platform in the field of thermodynamics.

This project is labelled ISC-CNRS 2009 and MSH 2009.

Wiki 3.0

Participants: Claudia-Lavinia Ignat, Gérald Oster, Gérôme Canals, Pascal Molli

Partners: The partners of the project are XWiki SAS, INRIA and Mandriva

The Wiki 3.0 project (dec. 2009 - nov. 2011) is financed by the call for projects “Innovative Web” launched by the French Ministry of Economy. The objective of this project is the development of an open-source platform based on XWiki (http://www.xwiki.org ) that addresses the three major evolution axes of collaborative Web: real-time collaboration, social interaction integrated into the production (chat, micro-blogging, etc) and on demand scalability (cloud computing). This platform should be competitive with major editors of collaborative Web developed by Google such as Google Wave, IBM and Microsoft.

Icrisis (2007-2009)

Participant: François Charoy

Partners: Partners of the project are Laego Team of Ecole des Mines (Leader of the project), Beta-Nancy 2, LabPsyLor from Nancy 2 and UPV, Erpi from ESGI, LSG from ENSIC. Participants to the simulation come from the SDIS 54, the Nancy prefecture, France Bleu.

The ICRISIS project (funded by MEDD, 2007-2009) aims to produce a conceptual and technological framework to support and execute crisis simulations. It allows preparing, executing and analyzing crisis simulation involving students or professionals. Crisis management is a major concern in our society. It is very important to provide future and actual managers with a pedagogical framework to allow them to learn how to act and react in a highly unanticipated situation. Regarding ECOO, this project is a challenge because crisis management is a case where the limit of classical process management solutions is reached. Reactivity, adaptivity and flexibility, human interactions are in this context required to the extreme. During this year, we have started to define a language to express crisis scenario. Rather than taking a classical workflow approach, we took an event driven approach. A scenario is described as a sequence of events that are propagated to students under the control of the animation team. Multiple scenarios can be used to drive the experimentation. A prototype has been developed, but it is not yet integrated in the existing platform.

ADT Galaxy (2008-2010)

Participant: François Charoy Olivier Perrin Oscar Barrios

Partners: Contributors to this ADT are mainly research project-teams, including ADAM, ECOO, OASIS, ASCOLA, TUVALU, SARDES and TRISKELL, and the galaxy ADT is led and managed by the TUVALU team.

The galaxy ADT (Technology Development Action) contributes to make INRIA a value-added player in the SOA arena, by designing and developing an Open Framework for Agile and Dynamic Software Architecture. This ADT will work for INRIA and INRIA's research project-teams direct benefit, and aims at pre-assembling technological bricks from various teams, projects and preparing them to be transferred through the open source software channel. The goal of the galaxy ADT is to provide an IT agile platform, built on dynamic software architecture principles, and fitting for flexibility, dynamical reconfiguration, adaptability, continuity and autonomic computing. Fractal, SCA-Tinfi and GCM-ProActive are the major technologies which will be the technological drivers of this ADT. The different usage scenarios as well as the different tools which will be developed at infrastructure, application and business levels will demonstrate that this platform is able to support the design, modeling, deployment and execution of business processes. In the same time, the ADT will target the definition of a new common language to manipulate dynamically adaptive distributed SOA-based systems, encompassing application and middleware layers. This common language will take different forms, inherited from works done by several project-teams with their distinct skills, and illustrates a new kind of collaboration between teams, coupling research and development works.

Actions Funded by the EC

Project IP QualiPSo IST-FP6-IP-034763 (2006-2010)

Participants: Pascal Molli, Jérôme Blanchard, Christophe Bouthier, Gérald Oster

Partners: Atos Origin, Bull, Engineering Ingegneria Informatica, Siemens, Telefonica I+D, Thales, European Dynamics, Mandriva, the Department for innovation and technologies of the Italian Presidency of the Council of ministers, Centro Ricerche Matematica Pura e Applicata, Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems, INRIA, Poznan Supercomputing and Networking Center, State University of Sao Paulo, South China University of Technology / Guangzhou Middleware Research Center, University of Bozen, University of Insubria, University Rey Juan Carlos.

The goal of the QualiPSo integrated project (No 034763) is to define and implement technologies, procedures and policies to leverage the Open Source Software development current practices to sound and well recognized and established industrial operations.

ECOO is involved in activity 7 whose goal is to specify and develop the QualiPSo factory, a collaborative platform. In particular, ECOO leads the 7.1 work package and has proposed and developed a novel service oriented architecture for the factory.

International Actions

Interop V-Lab

Participants: Nacer Boudjlida, Khalid Benali, François Charoy, Olivier Perrin, Hala Skaf-Molli

Follow-up the INTEROP Network of Excellence, The INTEROP V-Lab (International Virtual Laboratory on interoperability, http://www.interop-vlab.eu/ ) has been officially created in Brussels on March 2007 as an international non-profit making association (serving the international interest). In this context, Nancy played also a leading role in the definition of the V-Lab and in the settlement of the so-called INTEROP V-Lab “pole” (a partner of the INTEROP V-Lab): the Grande Region pole. The Grande Region pole encompasses University of Namur, University of Paris I La Sorbonne, University Henri Poincaré Nancy 1 and University of Nancy 2). It is defined as a Scientific (International) Interest Group (Groupement d'Intérêt Scientifique or GIS). Its attachment to the INTEROP V-Lab has been achieved in may 2009.

Associate Team INRIA VanaWeb

SCORE is involved in the Associate Team INRIA VanaWeb (with UTFSM Valparaìso, Chili) which is interested in autonomous constraint solving concepts and their application to composition problems for Web services. The coordinators of this project are Carlos Castro (UTFSM Valparaìso, Chili) and Christophe Ringeissen (CASSIS ).

Tunisie, eGov, INRIA-DGRST project (2007-2009)

This project involves the ECOO LORIA team-project from Nancy, the SOC team from the IRIT lab in Toulouse and the SOIE team from ENSI in Tunis.

The Egov project is a franco-tunisian project funded by the DGRST and INRIA. Its goal is to combine multi-agent technology and workflow technology to enhance the flexibility of process execution involving multiple government agencies. During this year, we have started to study different dimensions of modeling of the Tunisian process for company registration, from a centralized point of view to a decentralized one. We have also started to work on the problem of communication and of security between the different partners of the cooperation. The complete process model has been developed and implemented on Bonita.

Semantic-based Support for Collaborative Design Activity, Stic-Amsud project

The participants pf this two-years (2008-2009) Stic-Amsud project are the LORIA ECOO and Orpailleur teams, the Lifia, University of La Plata (UNLP), (Argentina), The Intermidia lab at the SCC-Universidade de Sao Paulo (Brasil), and the COmputer science Dept. of the Universidad Tecnica federico Santa-Maria (UTFSM) in Valparaiso (Chile).

The goal of the project was to study the use of semantic technologies to better support computer-based collaborative design activities. The work was focused on studying the integration of knowledge extraction approaches based on combining NLP (Natural Language Processing) and FCA (Formal Concept Analysis) in a collaborative platform to support assisted collaborative construction of shared knowledge[12] .

The project participants have written a book chapter [44] and, based on this document, have organized a one-day tutorial at the Webmedia conference. They have also organizes the 1st Semantic Web Spring School at UTFSM-Valparaiso (Chile) in October 2009.

Peer-to-Peer Semantic wikis for Distributed Knowledge Building, MINCyT Project

Participants: Hala Skaf-Molli, Pascal Molli

The objective of the project is to offer concepts and mechanisms for the creation, manipulation and the emergence of shared knowledge in large communities. Our initial hypothesis is that the shared knowledge will emerge during collaborative editing of semantically annotated content shared by a community: members of a community work together to create shared annotated content that gradually move from an unstructured towards a structured and formalized content.

Our approach is to use a class of existing tools: semantic wikis. A wiki is an online asynchronous collaborative editor. It allows you to edit content through a web browser. A semantic wiki is an extension of traditional wikis by adding semantic capabilities. The semantic annotations can be imported from well-defined ontology. The aim of the project is to extend the working modes in semantic wikis for including:

  • Capabilities to edit ontologies. This will transform the semantic wiki into a collaborative ontology editor.
  • Peer-to-peer and optimistic replication capabilities. This allows supporting scalability and choosing knowledge propagation and integration by community.
  • Mechanism to manage divergence and the different viewpoints.

The participants of the project are: ECOO and Orpailleur team from Loria and Lifia-UNLP (Argentina)

The results are published in [34] , [35] , [42] .

The project is funded by international scientific cooperation program MINCyT (Argentine)/INRIA-CNRS (France)

Postdoctoral Cooperation

  • Boualem Benatallah at University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia, for two years.
  • Ustun Yildiz has joined the Genome center of University of California in Davis in Bertram Ludascher's group.

Co-advisory of PhD Thesis

  • PhD Thesis of Charbel Rahhal with University Lebanese of Beyrouth (2006-2009): collaborative editing processes for peer-to-peer networks (Pascal Molli and Hala Skaf-Molli).
  • PhD Thesis of Hassina Talantikite and thesis of Abdelmalek Boudries with Béjaïa University, Algeria (Nacer Boudjlida)
  • PhD Thesis of Salah Hamri with Constantine University, Algeria (Nacer Boudjlida).
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